For those living in the United States and Mexico, I believe that one of the most recognizable birds we encounter are hummingbirds. These little balls of energy are actually divided into several subspecies, and all subspecies carry their own unique traits. For now however, we will be focusing on one particular hummingbird known as the Ruby-throated Hummingbird.
The Ruby-throated Hummingbird is known to wander around some parts of Canada, Eastern United States, and all of Mexico. As the name implies, these humming birds are easily recognizable by their emerald green backsides and their ruby red patch of feathers around their throats; however, only the male hummingbirds have the red patches. What makes this bird really impressive is their ability to fly at very high speeds. They are also able to stop, hover, and completely change directions while maintain their speed and being fully in control of their momentum.
When it comes to migratory patterns, this species of hummingbirds would fly South into Mexico at the early signs of the cold Winter winds approaching. Most hummingbirds actually do migrate to avoid having to deal with colder climate, but it is important to note that there are actually a few types of hummingbirds that actually do stick it out and hibernate through the Winter.
Their diet is mainly comprised of nectar from flowers and small insects. Something that is interesting about how they feed is that they are known to try defending their food source from other hummingbirds trying to find something to eat as well. This leads to the potential for two of them fighting over a common bird feeder hung in a persons backyard.